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Reproductives which are darker in color have functional eyes and strong skin. This caste becomes the leaders of colonies.
The temperature, food quality, and activity of this colony will determine how long it takes to get a termite.
Nests and tunnels are stored moist because employee termites cannot stand low humidity for long intervals. The temperature within the nursery of a large nest ranges between 10 C and 35 C but rarely varies more than one level every day. The relative humidity is approximately 100 per cent.
It's important to properly identify the type of pest infestation prior to beginning treatment. This will help you understand the habits of the colony, locate the nest and indicate the most appropriate method of control.
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Species are best identified with their soldier termites, which has the most prominent features.
These termites are commonly distributed throughout Victoria, and are responsible for more than 80 per cent of termite damage to buildings.
Coptotermes soldiers have brownjaws. They quantify 3.56.5 mm in length. When disturbed, these soldiers eject a white, rubbery glue-like substance out of their heads.
Coptotermes build nests in trees (preferring eucalypts), stumps, under concrete flooring, in wall cracks or enclosed verandahs.
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These termites travel at least 50 metres in the colony using a series of underground tunnels to find food. Coptotermes acinaciformis send substantial numbers to new food resources and, therefore, respond strongly to lure. In contrast, Coptotermes frenchi explore broadly for new food resources and feed lightly at points.
Nasutitermes exitiosus is common north of the Great Dividing Range. They construct dim, thin-walled mound nests between 30 cm and 75 cm above ground. These mounds are up to 1m in diameter.
This is Victorias largest species of termite, sometimes called dampwood termite. They are usually found nesting in large parts of timber (especially older trees) and are most common in wet, mountainous locations. They may also be found in the foothills of Melbourne.
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Porotermes tend to live in colonies than other species, and do not construct shelter tubes or traveling much underground. They are more readily controlled than other species.
A colony of Schedorhinotermes will have two distinct sizes of soldiers, also referred to as major and minor soldiers. Major soldiers grow up to 5.6 next mm long, while minor soldiers are only 3.6 mm long. The two kinds of soldier have mandibles.
Schedorhinotermes are destructive and relatively nomadic, rather than maintaining a fixed, central nest.
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Heterotermes are distributed throughout Australia. They are only a major insect species in the Northern Hemisphere.
The soldiers of this species are up to 4.75 mm long, with lengthy, dark jaws and parallel-sided heads.
Heterotermes reside in tiny colonies that attack fence posts, timber flooring, and paling fences within a small radius of the nest. They are commonly found because they feed on small timbers on the soil surface.
Dusts function to control termites since they ingest and disperse the insecticide among the colony during habitual grooming.
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Insect growth-regulator dusts (such as Triflumuron) and non-repellent termiticides are the safest methods of termite pest control for the human consumer.
Arsenic trioxide dust has been used since the 1930s to control termites, often with the addition of oxide or another colourant. However, arsenic trioxide is a poisonous, highly poisonous elemental pesticide that does not degrade.
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Baiting is most often the ideal way to kill an attacking colony when the main nest site cannot be found. Bait stations also let you collect samples of termites for species identification.
Bait stations consist of containers of cellulose materials such as timber, paper or cellulose gel that are either buried in the ground near the building under assault or carefully placed inside near known harm.
Bait generally utilize slow-acting, non-detectable toxins in order that the nearly whole colony can be poisoned before adverse impacts arise. Repellent termiticide formulations like those of all pyrethroids are not as colony control agents. Care has to be taken not to cross contaminate baits with even tiny residues of pesticides.
Baiting does not provide a barrier. The baits do not isolate the building since termites continue to be able to get the structure. For long-term structural protection, barriers are preferred.
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Chemical barriers function by applying an unbroken boundary of pesticide around the exterior of an infested arrangement. This creates a zone or band of soil that is toxic the termites cannot cross. Creating an effective chemical barrier could involve trenching around the foundations of this construction, and injecting the chemical into the ground through holes drilled in concrete foundations.